Long live eternal revolutionary memory on comrade NEXHMIJE HOXHA

Napustila nas je velika prijateljica Međunarodnog marksističko-lenjinističkog pokreta kao i našeg Saveza, ćerka albanskog i oružana sestra srpskog i jugoslovenskih naroda.

Enverov sin Ilir obavestio je javnost u ime porodice Hodža da je 26. februara 2020. godine u Tirani legendarna albanska i međunarodna revolucionarka, verna prijateljica marksizma-lenjinizma i međunarodne proleterske solidarnosti drugarica Nedžmije Hodža preminula u 99. godini života. Tužnu vest prenele su i srpske agencije “Beta” i novine “Politika” rečima da je “smrt Nedžmije Hodža u njenom skromnom stanu u predgrađu Tirane, potvrdila za francuski Frans pres njena snaja preko telefona.”

Revolucionarni savez rada Srbije deli tugu sa porodicom Hodža, albanskim radnim narodom i međunarodnim radničkim, komunističkim i marksističko-lenjinističkim pokretom i izražava svoje saučešće povodom odlaska drugarice Nedžmije.

Epohalno revolucionarno delo Envera i Nedžmije zalog je budućih pobeda balkanskih radnih naroda. Nova proleterska omladina sa Balkana izražava svoju večnu revolucionarnu zahvalnost za neizbrisive temelje budućnosti koje im ostavlja dosledna revolucionarna borba Nedžmije i Envera.

Međunarodni komitet RSRS uputio je izraze saučešća međunarodnom marksističko-lenjinističkom pokretu i porodici Hodža, na koje su albanski komunisti i porodica Hodža odgovorili rečima:

Thanks our comrades from Serbia for message!
Hvala našim drugovima iz Srbije na porukama!

Enverov sin Ilir Hodža i albanski komunisti,
na poruke izraza saučešća Revolucionarnog saveza rada Srbije povodom odlaska drugarice Nedžmije

Condolences on the passing of comrade Nexhmije Hoxha

26. February 2020.
Revolutionary Alliance of Labour of Serbia, International Committee:

to the representatives of the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organisations (CIPOML), to International Bureau of the Labour Party (Turkey) and Revolutionary Democracy (India):

In front of the Revolutionary Alliance of Labour of Serbia, its International Committee sends profound condolences on the passing of comrade Nexhmije to the Hoxha family and to Albanian people and to international communist movement and all Marxists-Leninists around the world.

Eternal revolutionary glory to comrade Nexhmije Hoxha – she is our unsullied revolutionary flag!

Long live revolutionary unity and brotherhood of the Balkans working peoples, down with imperialism and chauvinism! Until the final victory!

P.S. Dear comrades, we never made to meet comrade Nexhmije, although it was our plan this year via our Macedonian friends… Please dear comrades, send also our condolences to the Hoxha family, to Albanian working people and to all of the Marxist-Leninists in Albania and around the world. Let them know that Serbian working class also mourns Albanian heroes – friends of the peoples and international proletarian solidarity – revolutionary heroes that belong to every nation!

Epochal revolutionary work of Enver and Nexhmije is a pledge for the future victories of the Balkans working peoples. New proletarian youth on Balkans expresses its eternal revolutionary gratitude for the unbreakable foundations of the future that consistent revolutionary struggle of Nexhmije and Enver is leaving to them.

We also send a pronouncement of the Education commune “Ljiljana Bogoeva Sedlar” of the Revolutionary Alliance of Labour of Serbia on the passing of comrade Nexhmije Hoxha: 

Povodom odlaska Nedžmije Hodža
Edukativna komuna “Ljiljana Bogeva Sedlar”

Danas nas je napustila još jedna značajna humanistkinja, revolucionarka i prosvetiteljka vredna večnog pomena i revolucionarnog sećanja:
Nedžmije Hodža (Bitolj, 1921 – Tirana, 2020).

Da živi večno revolucionarno sećanje na legendarne marksističko-lenjinističke borkinje i borce, da živi večno revolucionarno demokratsko bratstvo i jedinstvo radnih naroda Balkana – dole imperijalizam i šovinizam!

Lavdi e përjetshme për familjen Hoxha për punën e tyre të pavdekshme revolucionare! 

BESMRTNA REVOLUCIONARNA BIOGRAFIJA NEDŽMIJE HODŽA:

Nedžmije Hodža (Nexhmije Hoxha; Bitolj, 7. februar 1921. — Tirana, 26. februar 2020.) bila je albanska društveno-politička i naučna radnica, učesnica albanske Naroodnooslobodilačke borbe, članica Partije rada Albanije i Demokratskog fronta i supruga albanskog revolucionara iz Đirokastre i marksiste-lenjiniste svetsko-istorijskog značaja Envera Hodže, jednog od osnivača Narodne Socijalističke Republike Albanije.

Rođena je 1921. godine kao Nedžmije Džuglini u bitoljskom Sv. Neumu, odrasla u Debru u Makedoniji, tadašnja Kraljevina SHS. Pre Drugog svetskog rata studirala je u Višoj školi u Tirani.

Kao aktivna članica skadarske komunističke grupe, Nedžmije je jedna od osnivačica novoosnovane Komunističke partije Albanije novembra 1941. godine, a sledeće godine izabrana je za članicu Generalnog veća Narodnooslobodilačkog pokreta Albanije.

Tokom Narodnooslobodilačke borbe, Nedžmije se bori u sastavu Prve divizije Narodnooslobodilačke vojske Albanije.

Narodnooslobodilačka borba kuje nerazrušivo antifašističko – revolucionarno bratstvo albanskog, srpskog, crnogorskog i makedonskog, jugoslovenskog, grčkog i bugarskog – svih naroda na Balkanu!

Godine 1943. Nedžmije je izabrana za članicu Sekretarijata Saveza žena Albanije, a od 1946. do 1952. godine za predsednicu Saveza. Nakon završetka rata, nastavila je i završila studije u Tirani. Nedžmije svojim posvećenim radom doprinosi izgradnji socijalizma u Albaniji. Godine 1948. izabrana je za poslanicu u Narodnoj skupštini, a 1952. postala je članica Centralnog komiteta Partije rada Albanije. Od 1966. bila je direktorica Instituta za marksističko-lenjinističke studije, kao i poslednja rektorica Više partijske škole „Vladimir Iljič Lenjin“.

Nakon Enverove smrti 1985. godine, Nedžmije je izabrana za predsednicu Demokratskog fronta Albanije. Bila je prisiljena na davanje ostavke na mesto predsednice Demokratskog fronta u decembru 1990. Za vreme i nakon restauracije kapitalizma u Albaniji, Nedžmije se borila protiv kontrarevolucije i branila Enverov lik i delo. Nove vlasti su je 1993. uhapsile i osudile na kaznu od devet godina zatvora, odakle je puštena u vreme narodne pobune 1997. protiv koje je intervenisala vojna imperijalistička NATO alijansa. Tokom robije piše memoare “Moj život sa Enverom” dalje doprinoseći bogatoj bibliografiji svojih autorskih i teorijskih radova. Nakon izlaska iz zatvora živi u jednosobnom stanu zajedno sa sestrom, sa penzijom od 24 evra mesečno. Uz breme odgovornosti prema porodici i svojim najmlađim najmilijima, Nedžmije je do poslednjeg daha vodila borbu dostojnu legendarne marksistkinje-lenjinistkinje.

Edukativna komuna “Ljiljana Bogoeva Sedlar”
26. februar 2020. godine u Beogradu, Srbija

Marksisti-lenjinisti, Nedžmije i Enver



WE ARE READY AT ALL TIMES!: Two short documentaries
on Marxism-Leninism and Socialism

WE ARE READY AT ALL TIMES!
PART I – Marxism-Leninism
“The strength of the small nations lies In their militant unity for freedom, independence and socialism. Best way to the people’s happiness is that of socialism and the immortal ideas which lead the peoples on the road of socialism, that is, Marxism-Leninism.” Enver
WE ARE READY AT ALL TIMES!,
PART II – Socialism
“The strength of the small nations lies In their militant unity for freedom, independence and socialism. Best way to the people’s happiness is that of socialism and the immortal ideas which lead the peoples on the road of socialism, that is, Marxism-Leninism.” Enver

Revolutionary spirit of Enver and Nexhmije on Balkans:
Revolutionary Cinetrilogy

SMALL NATIONS CAN MAKE WORLD HISTORY!


Nexhmije, an example of a Marxist-Leninist communist
Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador

Our Party mourns the death of Nexhmije Hoxha, one of the main cadres of the Party of Labour of Albania (PLA) when socialism flourished in that country. A few days ago, on February 8, Comrade Nexhmije turned 99 years old.

She took part in revolutionary activity when she was very young; at 19 she was part of the Shkodra Communist Group and took part in the founding of the Communist Party of Albania (later the Party of Labour) in 1941, when she was 20 years old. She was a brave anti-fascist fighter during the Second World War and when the Communist Youth Organization of Albania was formed she was the only woman delegate in the founding meeting. She was also the only woman delegated to take part in the Conference of National Liberation of Albania, known as the Peza Conference (1942), which laid the foundations of the National Liberation Front and People’s Power.

During the liberation war that the Albanian people waged, in 1942 she was sentenced to 13 years in prison for her participation in youth demonstrations against fascism, but during the trial she went underground. During World War II she joined the National Liberation Army and was elected president of the League of Communist Women of Albania.

As a member of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania, she was responsible for the work of organizing the youth, was a member of the Secretariat of the Central Committee, elected representative of the National Assembly, was director of the Institute of Marxist-Leninist Studies of Albania, among others Party and public positions. She wrote countless articles and theoretical works of great use for communist training.

After the fall of socialism in Albania and during the counterrevolutionary process that took place inside the PLA and in the only socialist country in the world at that time, Nexhmije Hoxha held high the defence of Marxism-Leninism and the fight against revisionism and opportunism. In 1993, the bourgeoisie that seized power sentenced her to nine years in prison for alleged misuse of state funds, which actually hid their desire to tarnish the image of a defender of Marxism-Leninism and their desire to continue the fight against her lifelong companion, Comrade Enver Hoxha.

The Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador expresses its solidarity with the Albanian workers and the people on the death of Nexhmije Hoxha, an example of a Marxist-Leninist communist.

Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador
February 26, 2020


Arnavutluk Sosyalist Halk Cumhuriyeti önderlerinden
Necmiye Hoca hayatını kaybetti, Labour Party, Turkey

Arnavutluk Sosyalist Halk Cumhuriyeti önderlerinden Necmiye Hoca 99 yaşında hayatını kaybetti.

Necmiye Hoca’nın oğlu İlir Hoca, yayımladığı mesajda “Derin bir acıyla size bildirmek isterim ki, 99 yaşında olan annemiz Necmiye Hoca, 26 Şubat 2020 tarihinde hayata veda etti. O, tüm hayatını ülkenin kurtuluşuna, yeni bir Arnavutluk’un inşasına, ilerlemesine ve toplumun özgürleşmesine adamıştır. Öyle ki, onun adı ve eserleri ile her zaman onur duyacağız. Ailemiz, Arnavutluk’taki ve tüm dünyadaki dostları ve sevenleri, onun anısını hiçbir zaman unutmayacaktır” ifadelerini kullandı.

İlir Hoca, cenaze töreninin bugün (27 Şubat Perşembe) saat 09.00 ile 12.00 arasında Arnavutluk’un başkenti Tiran’da yapılacağını da duyurdu.

EMEK PARTİSİ: ANISINI MÜCADELEMİZDE YAŞATACAĞIZ

Emek Partisi (EMEP) Genel Merkezi de bir açıklama yayınlayarak “Necmiye Hoca’nın anısı mücadelemizde yaşayacak” dedi. EMEP’in açıklaması şöyle devam etti:

“Necmiye Hoca 20. Yüzyılın en çalkantılı döneminde yaşadı. 2. Dünya savaşı sırasında sadece ülkesini işgal eden İtalyan ve Almanya faşizmine karşı değil, işbirlikçi iktidarla da savaştı. 13 sene hapisle cezalandırıldı.

Necmiye Hoca 21 yaşındayken Arnavutluk Komünist Partisi’nin kuruluşuna katılmış, gençlik örgütünde yer almıştı. Savaşın ardından gerçekleşen devrimden sonra da sosyalizmin inşa sürecine çeşitli görevler üstlenerek aktif olarak katıldı. Arnavutluk Emek Partisi Merkez Komitesi üyesi, Marksist-Leninist Araştırmalar Enstitüsü Müdürü’ydü. Arnavutluk’ta 1980’li yıllarda kapitalizmin restorasyonuna soyunan karşı devrimci güçlere karşı sosyalizmi kararlılıkla savundu ve mücadele etti. Bu yüzden de 5 yıl hapiste tutuldu. Necmiye Hoca sosyalist Arnavutluk lideri Enver Hoca’nın da eşiydi.

Necmiye Hoca işçi sınıfı ve emekçilerin kurulu düzenleri yıkarak sosyalist iktidarları kurmaya çalıştığı, büyük mücadelelerin verildiği olağanüstü bir dönemde yaşadı. Abluka altındaki küçük bir ülkede dirençle ve inançla ayakta durmaya çalışırken bu mücadeleyi küçümseyerek önemsizleştirmeye çalışan soğuk savaş liberalizminin ideologlarına rağmen onun ve diğer adanmış sosyalistlerin mücadelesinden dünya halkları çok şey öğrendi.

Necmiye Hoca ve idealleri bu düzenden bıkmış olanların yolunu aydınlatmaya devam edecek.
Dünya işçi sınıfı ve emekçilerinin başı sağ olsun!
Necmiye Hoca mücadelemizde yaşayacak!”

KOMÜNİST ÖRGÜTLERDEN MESAJLAR: SON GÜNÜNE KADAR YORULMAK BİLMEYEN BİR SAVAŞÇIYDI’

Necmiye Hoca’nın yaşamını yitirmesi nedeniyle dünyanın farklı ülkelerinden komünist parti ve örgütler de taziye mesajları yayımladı. 

İspanya Komünist Partisi (Marksist Leninist), Twitter hesabından yayımlanan mesajda, “Marksizm-Leninizmin yorulmak bilmeyen bir savaşçısı ve son güne kadar bir militan olan Necmiye Hoca’ya veda ediyoruz. Antifaşist bir partizan, Arnavutluk Komünist Partisi (PTA) lideri ve siyasi mahpus olarak başardıklarını asla unutmayacağız. Toprak seni incitmesin yoldaş!” ifadeleri kullanıldı. 

Ekvador Marksist Leninist Komünist Partisi’nin, Necmiye Hoca’nın yaşamı ve mücadelesinin anlatıldığı yazılı açıklamasında, “Arnavutluk’ta sosyalizmin çöküşünden sonra ve parti içinde ve o dönem dünyadaki tek sosyalist ülke olan Arnavutluk’ta gerçekleşen karşıdevrimci süreç sırasında Necmiye Hoca, revizyonizm ve oportünizme karşı Marksizm-Leninizmin savunulması mücadelesini en önde verdi” denilerek bu nedenle “1993 yılında, iktidara saldıran burjuvazi”nin Marksizm-Leninizm’in bu savunucusunun imajını karalamak için gerçek dışı iddialarla hapis cezası verdiği hatırlatıldı. Açıklamada, “Ekvador Marksist Leninist Komünist Partisi, örnek bir Marksist-Leninist olan Necmiye Hoca’nın yaşamını yitirmesi nedeniyle Arnavutluk işçileriyle ve halkıyla dayanışma duygularını ifade eder” denildi. 

İran Emek Partisi’nin resmi Facebook hesabından da, “Necmiye Hoca yoldaşım ölüm haberini büyük bir üzüntüyle öğrendik. Necmiye yoldaş, Arnavutluk Emek Partisi’nin merkez komitesi üyesi, 1941 Arnavutluk Komünist Partisi kurucusu, 1942’deki Peza Konferansı katılımcısı, antifaşist bir savaşçı, Arnavutluk Marksist Leninist Araştırmalar Enstitüsü müdürüydü. Anısı her zaman yaşayacaktır!” denildi. 

Sırbistan Devrimci Emek İttifakı Uluslararası Komitesi, Arnavutluk işçileri ve halkına, Hoca’nın ailesine, Arnavutluk’taki ve dünyanın her yerindeki Marksist-Leninist komünistlere başsağlığı dileyerek, “Sırbistan işçi sınıfı da Arnavutluk’un kahramanlarının yasını tutmaktadır. Yaşasın Balkan işçi sınıfının emperyalizme ve şovenizme karşı kardeşliği ve devrimci birliği!” mesajını paylaştı.

The International Committee of the Serbian Revolutionary Alliance of Labour wished condolences to the Albanian workers and people, the Hoxha family, the Marxist-Leninist communists in Albania and around the world, saying, “Serbian working class is mourning the heroes of Albania. Long live the brotherhood and revolutionary unity of the Balkans working class against imperialism and chauvinism! ” shared its message.

Amerikan Emek Partisi’nin (APL) mesajında da şu ifadeler kullanıldı: “Necmiye Yoldaş hareketimizin en sert mücadelelerinin ön saflarında yer aldı. 2. Dünya Savaşı sırasında partizan bir savaşçıydı, Arnavut kadınlarının yüzyıllar süren feodal-ataerkil baskıdan kurtuluşu mücadelesine öncülük etti. Yoldaş Necmiye, Kruşçev revizyonizminin maskesinin düşürülmesinde ve Marksizm-Leninizmin savunulmasındaki kilit isimlerden biriydi. Savaşçı, eğitimci, devrimci Necmiye Hoca, hareketimizde en iyilerindendi. Amerikan Emek Partisi başını kederle eğerken bu örnek komünisti selamlamak üzere yumruğunu kaldırıyor.

(HABER MERKEZİ)
27 Şubat 2020 07:46


Intellectual contribution of Enver, Nexhmije, Socialist Albania and its people to the debate on the building of socialism – will be remembered in history

To Ilir Hoxha and the family of comrade Nexhmije Hoxha,
Please accept our sincere note of condolence at the passing of comrade Nexhmije Hoxha.

In this period of intense fascist reaction and neoliberal capitalist triumphalism it is difficult to think of comrades who stood as steadfastly for socialism as comrade Nexhmije. The importance of Albania is beyond its numbers and beyond its economic size.

It is in its intellectual contribution to the debate on the building of socialism that the contribution of the people of Albania and Enver and Nexhmije Hoxha will be remembered in history. There will soon approach the time when the workers of the former socialist states will not only come to realize the horrors of capitalism but will once again rise to take back what should be theirs. It is in that moment that the names of all those who stood for socialism will once again be emblazoned in the annals of humanity’s history.

With solidarity and our deepest condolences,

Pakistan Workers and Peasants Party, Central Committee
March 2020


Nexhmije Hoxha Obituary,
Revolutionary Democracy (India)

NEXHMIJE HOXHA
(8 February 1921 – 26 February 2020)
.pdf

Nexhmije Hoxha (née Xhuglini) the great Communist leader of Albania, an underground communist and partisan when the country was under the occupation of the Italian fascists and Nazi Germany, a leading statesperson of Socialist Albania and a prominent Marxist-Leninist theoretician, died on 26th February 2020, a few days after she turned 99 years of age.

The Editorial Board of Revolutionary Democracy salutes the memory of Nexhmije Hoxha, the most prominent woman in the history of Albania and a leading communist of the world.

Born in 1921 Nexhmije Xhuglini became a member of the Shkodra Communist Group at the age of 19 and a year later in November 1941 she became a founding member of the Communist Party of Albania in November.

During the Italian fascist rule of Albania she was a participant in the youth demonstrations against the occupation in 1941. She was put on trial for this activity and sentenced to thirteen years of imprisonment, but escaped to join the underground. She was a founding member of the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Front in 1942 which became known as the Peza Conference. Nationalists alongside the Communists participated in this conference which had the objective of armed struggle against the Italian fascist occupation.

Nexhmije Xhuglini participated as a Central Committee member of the Albanian Communist Youth. She was elected as a delegate by the Tirana Party Active for the First National Conference of the Communist Party of Albania which took place in Labinot in March 1943, which was effectively the First Congress of the Communist Party. Later in the year in September in Labinot the Second National Liberation Conference took place which approved the establishment of the General Headquarter of the National Liberation Army, the creation of big partisan units, the extension of the activity of the National Liberation Councils of the Front, the upgrading of their role to the nuclei of the new popular government.

The armed liberation of Tirana took place in November 1944. Shortly after that she was married to Enver Hoxha on New Year’s Eve in what in her Memoirs she was to describe as a ‘partisan wedding’.

After the liberation of Albania and the establishment of people’s democracy, Nexhmije Hoxha undertook a number of responsibilities. She was Director at the Ministry of Culture, Director of Propaganda, Education and Culture at the apparatus of the Party Central Committee, Chairperson of the League of Communist Women, member of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Party of Albania, an elected member of the National Assembly, Chairperson of the National Front, and Director of the Institute of Marxist-Leninist Studies at the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania.

She authored a number of theoretical works of the Party of Labour of Albania. One work, ‘Some Fundamental Questions of the Revolutionary Policy of the Party of Labour of Albania about the Development of the Class Struggle’ (1977) was internationally influential. It was written in the context of the years of struggle against the restoration of capitalism in the Soviet Union, the fight against opportunism within the Party of Labour of Albania and the beginnings of the combat against the ‘theory of three worlds’ advocated by the Communist Party of China.

The importance of this was to summarise and develop the Marxist-Leninist understanding of the class struggle under the dictatorship of the proletariat and socialism and revealing the links and collaboration of the internal and external enemies of socialism. This work is valuable in the contemporary conditions and contrasts with the faux understanding on these questions put forward in many countries with the new turn after 1953 to the effect that the class struggle diminishes under socialism or that ‘two-line struggles’ exist in the people’s democracies. The sharpness of the understanding on questions of class struggle arose as Albania was the sole people’s democracy which was historically able to construct a socialist society.

The end of the Soviet Union and the states of central and east Europe, the further strengthening of commodity-money relations in People’s China, the break-up of the Yugoslav Federation by NATO, the fall of Albania, the sole socialist state, and the armed socialist uprising of 1997 in opposition to the restoration of capitalism in the country, created complex conditions for the communists.

Nexhmije Hoxha was arrested and imprisoned on false charges for a long period as she stood firm in defending the socialist heritage. In 1997 she was released from 5 years of imprisonment which had been absurdly imposed by President Sali Berisha and his Party, the so called Democratic Party, that came in power by overthrowing and destroying with an unprecedented hatred everything which was built during the socialist system under the leadership of the Party of the Labour of Albania and Enver Hoxha. After her release from jail, in interviews, speeches, articles and her book ‘My Life with Enver Hoxha’ she kept aloft the banner of socialism.

Nexhmije Hoxha keenly followed our journal. Important articles from it were translated for her by her children. In a message to Revolutionary Democracy in 2015 on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the first issue she mentioned that: ‘Reading your magazine in the suffocating atmosphere of the years 1990-1997, was like a fresh breeze and a hopeful light not only for us Albanian communists, but for all revolutionaries throughout the world.’ Nexhmije Hoxha commended the coverage of the work of Lenin and Stalin and their war with the internal and external enemies of socialism, the retrogressive developments around the world as a result of the Khrushchevite modern revisionist betrayal and the examination of the current developments around the world and the current crisis of capitalism. A representative of the Editorial Board of the journal was invited to the home of the family on the birth centenary of Enver Hoxha.

Nexhmije Hoxha has passed on, yet her role in Albania, the Balkans and the history of the international communist movement is carved in stone. She has joined the ranks of the immortals in the history of the working class movement.

Revolutionary Democracy sends its condolences, at this time of grief and sorrow, to Ilir and Pranvere, the son and daughter of Enver and Nexhmije Hoxha, and to the Albanian communist movement.

Revolutionary Democracy dips the Red Flag in honour of Nexhmije Hoxha!

A Red Salute to Nexhmije Hoxha!

Revolutionary Democracy, India
26th March 2020.

Nedžmije i Enver

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